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Mum & Dad

DOES YOUR INFANT NEED A PACIFIER?

As a new parent, comforting your baby is one of your highest priorities, and you may find a pacifier very helpful. Some babies can be soothed with rocking and cuddling and are content to suck only during feedings. Others just cannot seem to suckle enough, even when they are not hungry. If your baby still wants to suck after she ...

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Differences between men and women are more than the sum of their genes

By Jenny Graves Distinguished Professor of Genetics, La Trobe University   It’s naive to pretend there are no profound genetic and epigenetic differences between the sexes. Gender differences and sexual preferences are frequently a point of conversation. What produces the differences between men and women? Are they trivial or profound? Are they genetic or environmental, or both?   Some people ...

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How to make teaching great

By Steve Higgins Professor of Education, Durham University and Robert Coe, Professor, School of Education and Director, Centre for Evaluation and Monitoring, Durham University   An article we wrote last week for The Conversation on Seven “great” teaching methods not backed up by evidence prompted a large amount of comment and discussion. One of the main questions has been, ok ...

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Four of the most lethal infectious diseases of our time and how we’re overcoming them

By David Griffin Advanced Trainee, Infectious Diseases and General Medicine, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity And Justin Denholm Associate Professor, Melbourne Health   This is the first article in a four-part series looking at how infectious diseases have influenced our culture and evolution, and how we, in turn, have influenced them.   In 2013, the World Health ...

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No, the internet is not actually stealing kids’ innocence

By Sonia Livingstone Professor of Social Psychology, London School of Economics and Political Science   Popular claims about media harm don’t always stack up against the evidence. The news is constantly awash with stories reporting on – and arguably amplifying – public anxieties over youth and media. The anxieties concern violence and video games, gaming addiction, internet and mental health, ...

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Health Check: what is normal vaginal discharge and what’s not?

By Melissa Kang Associate professor, University of Technology Sydney   From a woman’s first periods until menopause, menstrual hormones drive her vaginal discharge. V-juice, vovey-goo, vu-dew… there are many ways to describe the natural fluid that comes out of the vagina. It varies in consistency, texture, smell, taste and volume in the same woman from day to day, week to ...

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Kenya’s post-election violence: the harm that’s been done to children

By Winnie Waiyaki Lecturer, department of Psychology, Daystar University   Maureen Onyango-Ngesa PhD Candidate, Clinical Psychology, Daystar University   Kenya’s recent general election was held amid political tension and fear. Election violence is not new to the East African country. About 1,100 people, including children, died in the events that followed the election in 2007.   This time, opposition candidate ...

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How gaming in the classroom prepares children for life in a surveillance state

By Laura R. Pinkerton DPhil Researcher in Education, University of Oxford   It’s well known that surveillance effects how we behave. A recent study on the issue showed that traffic to Wikipedia articles on controversial subjects dropped off significantly after Edward Snowden revealed widespread Internet surveillance by the NSA and GCHQ.   This shows both the short and long-term effect ...

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Invisible and ignored: air pollution inside the homes of Nairobi’s residents

By Kanyiva Muindi Research Officer & PhD candidate, African Population and Health Research Center and    Blessing Mberu Head of Urbanisation and Wellbeing, African Population and Health Research Center, African Population and Health Research Center   Air pollution is a visible problem in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi. The city’s poor air quality is evident in its congested streets where passenger vehicles, ...

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Case study in Kenya confirms rare genetic condition in embryo conceived through IVF

Dr. J. Wanyoike-Gichuhi Senior Lecturer in the Department of Obstetric and Gynaecology, University of Nairobi     In Vitro Fertilisation has helped people in Africa and around the world to have families. Infertility is a global health challenge with distressing psychological and social consequences. Women in Africa pay a heavy social price including stigma and depression, for not having children. ...

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